Rice Mill Plant provides food for 65% population of India, Rice is an important crop in India it occupies the 45% of total grins production, every Indian consume rice in the daily meal.
The raw form of rice is called as paddy, which it cannot be consumed by human directly; it needs to be processed to obtain rice from paddy.
Rice Mill Business Plant | 7 Step Complete Manufacturing Plan
Rice Mill Plant helps to get the rice grain from paddy it removes the rice husk and rice bran, if you are living in paddy producing area you can start the rice mill plant, rice mill plant is a profitable business with low capital investment.
#1. Potential of Rice mill Plant Business
Rice is highly consumable food in India; India is having the largest market for packaged rice segment.
The raw material from the rice mill plant is rice bran which having great demand as raw material for solvent extraction plant.
India is leading country for rice production and export, basmati rice is the type of the rice which is having a great demand on a foreign country, India has export 38, 00,000 MT of basmati rice; United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Iran, and Iraq are a major export destination for rice.
If you are looking for a profitable business then the rice mill plant is the best option for you, here in this article you will get the detailed study and business plan for the rice mill plant.
#2. Licenses Required for Rice mill Plant Business
To start Rice Mill Plant, you need licenses and permit from your state government authority.
# 1) Registration of Firm: You may start the small to medium scale cashew nut processing unit either a Proprietorship or Partnership Firm.
If you are starting this business as One Person Company, then you have to register your firm as a proprietorship.
For partnership operation, you have to register as a limited liability partnership (LLP) or Pvt. Ltd. Company with Registrar of Companies (ROC).
# 2) Udyog Aadhaar MSME Registrations: Udyog Aadhaar MSME Registration helps you to get the facility from the government you are eligible to take benefit of the government scheme.
# 3) Factory License: apply for factory license to start rice mill production.
# 4) No pollution certificate: Apply for ‘consent to operate’ and ‘consent to establish’ from the Pollution Control Board.
# 5) Acts 1958: Apply for the Rice-Milling Industry (Regulation) Act, 1958.
# 6) PFA and ESIC Registration: if your rice mill plant has employees then you need to get PFA and ESIC registration for the employees according to labors law.
# 7) IEC Registrations: if you are planning to export your rice then it is mandatory to obtain IEC code.
# 8) FSSAI License: rice mill plant is categorized in the food industry; therefore, you need to apply for FSSAI license (Food Safety and Standard Authority of India)
# 9) GST Registration: obtain GST number which is compulsory for every business after GST rule is applied.
#3. Area Required for Rice mill Plant
The selection of land for rice mill plant is the difficult task; the location land should have enough space for machinery, production unit, space for drying the rice and raw storage for material.
You can start the rice mill business at 1000 sq ft area, make sure that the location is easily accessible and the raw material supplies are near to the location, the ideal location for the rice plant is the place where the rice is grown.
While selecting location to ensure that your location has water supply, drainage facility and electricity supplies.
#4. List of Raw Material Required for Rice mill Plant
The basic raw material for rice mill plant is Paddy (raw form of rice crop), the quality of the rice depends on the rice crop so you have to aware while selecting raw material.
The rice is cultivated from the farmer so it is beneficial to get raw material directly from a farmer with a reasonable price it will save your money.
Maintain production all year you have to maintain the raw material supplies, therefore raw material source is really important.
You need to find the farmer or a person who wants your service of rice mill where they can separate husk and padding and get rice.
According to the size of the rice mill processing plant, there is the different type of machinery available in the market; you need to choose the right machinery for your rice mill plant.
The important factor is cone slider while selecting the machinery are production rate, efficiency, capacity, and power equipment; also consider the execution, whether the machine is a single stage or multi-stage.
List of Machinery required for Rice Mill Plant.
- Grading machine
- Grain dryer
- Lighting equipment
- Measure and packing machine
- Paddy husker machine
- Paddy separator machine:
- Rice cleaning machine
- Rice color sorter
- Rice de-stoner machine
- Rice milling detection machine
- Rice polishing machine
- Rice whitener machine
#5. Manufacturing Process of Rice mill Plant
There are three types of mill rice processing methods.
One pass method: in this method bran and husk are removed at the same time.
Two-step process: in this Two-step process method removal of bran and husk is takes place separately.
In this method; use of traditional rice mill machine that many communities do.
This rice milled for the local consumption.
Commercial milling: in this method, there is a use of several modern machines for the milling process.
Every step in commercial milling is taken to achieve the best result because rice milled for a wider market.
Steps Involved In the Rice Milling Process.
#1) Pre-cleaning: A primary step in the rice mill is to remove the impurity such as stone, dust, and dirt also unfilled the rice grain from paddy.
#2) Husking: Husking is the process where the husks is removed and separate it from the paddy
#3) Paddy Removals: Paddy separation is the separation of husk paddy from brown rice.
#4) parboiling: Gelatinization of starch inside the rice to improve the nutritious value of milled rice; it also helps to improve the milling recovery percent during polishing/whitening.
#5) Polishing or whitening: To improve the appearance of rice polishing/whitening takes place; removing of bran particle layer and germ from the rice gain and polish the exterior kernel.
Grading and separation of white rice: separation of rice according to small large and broken from head rice,
#6) Blending/Mixing: Mixing of head rice with predetermine amount of broken rice.
#7) Weighing of rice: Once rice is passed through all the processes it will weight by industrial weigh machine and packed with the different specified amount of baggage.
#8) Bagging/packaging of rice: Preparing the milled rice for transport to the customer for selling, the packaging is important to notify the customer that your product is in the marketplace.
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#7 Where/How to sell Rice
Once you did with the production of the main and important task is the marketing and promotion of the business which is the most challenging task in every business.
Local market (retail market)
You can sell your rice mill product to the local market.
Also, you can take help from the retailer to promote your rice mill business brand in your local area.
You can sell the product to the wholesaler in the bulk amount.
Register your Rice mill Plant business on B2B websites like
Etc. you can sell your product on bulk orders.
Register your Rice mill Plant business on B2C websites like
etc. where you can sell your product directly to the customer.
You can export your rice flour product to the other countries, for exporting of any product you will need the IEC code which is mandatory for Import or export of any product.
Brand and Uniqueness
You can use various marketing strategies to promote your rice mill plant business, also apart from the traditional marketing strategy; you can use the digital platform to promote your business brand.
How to Start Mini Rice Mill Plant | Profitable Manufacturing Business